Demographic & Socioeconomic Characteristics 2018-07-13T18:27:15+00:00

Demographic & Socioeconomic Characteristics

Data Request on the number of Refugees to Canada in 2017 and 2018, by Age group and Gender

This CYRRC data aggregation project examines the historical and current demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of migrants and refugees in the world. It uses various datasets, including Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s open data portal and the International Organization for Migration’s global migration portal. Although the project is intended to focus on refugees in Canada, global migration trends are examined to compare and contrast to Canadian trends. The goal is to make important comparative data on refugees accessible to CYRRC researchers and others.

Download the Full Document

Refugees to Canada

Refugees in Canada are admitted under four main categories including Government Assisted Refugees (GARs [1]), Privately Sponsored Refugees (PSRs [2]), Blended Visa Office-Referred Program (BVOR [3]) and Refugee Claimants [4]. Table 1.1 shows the numbers of refugees to Canada by three [5] of the four major admission categories (GARs, PSRs and BVORs) and age group from January 2015 to March 2018. Although GAR category has historically been the major admission category of refugees to Canada, these numbers have decreased in recent times, with PSR admission category recording the highest numbers of refugees to Canada. Between January 2015 and March 2018 for instance, out of 99,290 refugees to Canada, almost half (49.4%) came as PSRs, followed by GARs (43.9%) and with BVOR program (which was introduced in 2013) recording the least numbers of refugees to Canada in the same time period (6.7%).

Refugees’ Age at Immigration

Historically, the majority of refugees entering Canada are of working age, followed by younger refugees. Table 1.1 shows the numbers of refugees to Canada by two categories (17 years and under, and 18 years and over). A majority of refugees to Canada are 18 years and over (57.3%) than younger refugees or 17 years and under (42.7%). It is however important to note that with the exception of the PSR category, a majority of refugees to Canada are 17 years or under. For instance, out of 49,080 refugees who were admitted to Canada, two-thirds are 18 years and over (67%) compared to their younger counterparts (33%). Among GARs however, a majority came as younger refugees (51.9%) than older refugees (48.1%). Similarly, among those who came through the BVOR program, a majority were younger refugees (54.3%) than older refugees (45.7%).Details of the age distribution of refugees to Canada from January 2015 through March 2018 are presented on table 1.1 and figure 1.1.

Figure 1.1: Admissions of Resettled Refugees by Admission Category and Age, Canada, January 2015 – March 2018

Table 1.1: Admission of Resettled Refugees by Admission Category and Age, Canada, January 2015 – March 2018.

Immigration Category Blended Sponsorship Refugee (BVORs) Government-Assisted Refugees (GARs) Privately Sponsored Refugees (PSRs) Total
N % N % N % N %
17 years old and under 3,590 54.3 22,645 51.9 16,175 33.0 42,410 42.7
18 years old and over 3,025 45.7 20,950 48.1 32,905 67.0 56,880 57.3
Total 6,615 43,595 49,080 99,290

Source: Immigration Refugee and Citizenship Canada, March 31, 2018

Sex of Refugees to Canada

Historically, higher numbers of male refugees are admitted to Canada compared to their female counterparts. Out of the 99,290 refugees to Canada from January 2015 to March 2018, a majority of them are males (51.8%). This sex trend is visible across all admission categories. Among PSRs for instance, a majority were males (52.6%) compared to females (47.4%). Similarly, 51% of GARs were males compared to females (49%). Again, out of 6,615 refugees admitted to Canada through the BVOR program, a majority are males (51.2%) than females (48.8%). Details of the sex distribution of refugees to Canada from January 2015 through March 2018 are presented on table 2.1 and figure 2.1.

Figure 2.1: Admissions of Resettled Refugees by Admission Category and Age, Canada, January 2015 – March 2018

Table 2.1: Admission of Resettled Refugees by Admission Category and Gender, Canada, January 2015 – March 2018.

Immigration Category Blended Sponsorship Refugee (BVORs) Government-Assisted Refugees (GARs) Privately Sponsored Refugees (PSRs) Total
N % N % N % N %
Female 3,225 48.8 21,340 49.0 23,270 47.4 47,835 48.2
Male 3,390 51.2 22,255 51.0 25,810 52.6 51,455 51.8
Total 6,615 43,595 49,080 99,290

Source: Immigration Refugee and Citizenship Canada, March 31, 2018

[1]GARs are refugees from the Convention Refugees Abroad class who are supported by the government of Canada or the government of Quebec to resettle and integrate into the Canadian society.

[2] PSRs are refugees who are sponsored by a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident to resettle in Canada.

[3] BVOR is when refugees are referred to Canadian visa offices abroad directly by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) to match identified refugees for resettlement with private sponsors in Canada.

[4] Refugee claimants are asylum seekers who are admitted to Canada because removal to their to home country of former habitual residence would subject them to the possibility of torture, risk of life or risk of unusual treatment.

[5] The Refugee Claimants admission class hasn’t been categorized by Immigration Refugee and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) as of June, 2018.