Labour Market Vulnerabilities of Refugees in Canada: The Impacts of Entry Program, Arrival Age, and Gender
Objective: This study aims to document and analyze the stratifying effects of immigration entry program, gender, and age at arrival on the socioeconomic integration of refugees.
Justification: Entry status not only sorts migrants but molds subsequent experiences. Research finds that refugees in the Private Sponsorship entry program have the best integration profiles, that men have better labour market integration than women refugees, and that refugees who arrive as children have better socioeconomic integration.
Practical goal: This study will provide up-to-date information and analysis about male and female refugees who arrive under different entry statuses and at different stages of the life cycle.
Primary audience: academics, policy makers, and service providers.
This study uses data from IRCC’s combination of entry visa information and the 2016 census of population records which preserves the distinctions between refugee classes but adds more indicators of the labour market integration of Canada’s refugee population entering after 1980. Thus, the research population consists of persons aged 25-54 in 2016 admitted in one of the three major refugee admissions categories between 1986 and 2014. This study will produce informative cross-tabulations, charts and short summaries for a non-academic audience and multivariate analyses of a smaller subset of indicators for an academic audience.
This study asks the following questions:
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