Immigration and Refugee Settlement in Canada: Trends in Public Funding
Researchers: Dominique Clément and Jennifer Braun
Affiliation: University of Alberta
Research Partner: Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies of BC (AMSSA)
Keywords: refugees, immigrants, newcomers, settlement funding, public funding, provincial funding, federal funding, Canada, quantitative research,
Jump to: Infographics & Executive Summary, Methodology, Findings, Publications & Reports
Objective: This study identified provincial programs for immigrant and refugee settlement, compared provincial funding trends, and examined federal data to identify national trends in settlement funding.
Justification: Data on federal and provincial funding will provide insight on the quality and availability of public services and assist governments in determining the impact of their programs for assisting newcomers.
Practical goal: to provide a resource for creating policies, pursuing research opportunities, and providing services focused on newcomers, including children and youth.
Primary audience: service providers, policy makers, immigration researchers, and the public.
Service Provider Organizations (SPOs) in all 10 provinces were engaged in mapping government programs. Respondents were requested to provide information on the following:
Finally, although the focus was on comparing provincial funding models, data on federal funding for settlement and integration was also collected to provide a foundation for identifying national trends.
Trends in Provincial Funding:
Trends in Federal Funding
When funding and service levels are different between jurisdictions, some newcomer families may have significantly better chances at successful integration in some provinces compared to others. A strategy that ensures not just an increase in funding but also an equitable distribution among provinces would help ensure better outcomes for newcomers regardless of settlement location.
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